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THE ARCHITECTURE OF SAMOGITIAN WOODEN CHURCHES

 

Church in PavandeneWooden period should be distinguished in the history of Samogitian wooden churches from oldest times to 1918:

1. The 15th century the middle of the 17th century a period of Catholicism, selection and mastering of compositional principles and techniques of sacred buildings;
2. The middle of the 17th century 1795 a period of flourishing of Catholicism and sacred architecture;
3. 1795 1918 a period of oppression of Catholicism, stabilization of traditional solutions of sacred architecture, spreading of compositional principles and techniques of professional architecture.
 
 
1. The first Samogitian churches are closely related to the wooden sacred buildings of the Minor Poland, the design of which follows the model of small wooden gothic churches.
2. Traditional solutions employed in folk-style sacred architecture all over the history of its development reflected in an indirect way, the style of the corresponding epoch.
3. A rectangular or a cross-shaped building represents a stereotype of a Samogitian folk-style church, which formed in the second half of the 18th century. A high roof with small plastic towers dominates the exterior of the church. Sumptuous interior forms a contrast to the simplicity of the facade. Baroque-style liturgical objects stand out in the interior of a single-nave space (hall or pseudobasilica).
4. Similar folk-style churches are encountered in many regions of the United Republic, however, traditional sacred buildings of Samogitia have their own peculiarities, namely, markedly monumental appearance, heavy proportions, sumptuous but not overloaded decor of the interior. A gradual loss of these peculiarities is observed from the beginning of the 19th century.
5. Churches were started to be designed according to the principles of specific styles in the second half of the 18th century and were widespread at the beginning of the 19th century.

Prepared by Alge Jankeviciene


Samogitian Cultural Association Editorial 
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